Learn about the physical properties of Earth’s materials and how they are useful in many different ways. Make sure to wear your safety goggles for this meltdown on rocks, minerals, soil and water.

Major Concepts to Be Explored:

Students will be able to identify the four types of rocks, determine hardness, and experiment with magnetism.

Essential Standards:

  • K.P.2.1: Classify objects by observable physical properties (including size, color, shape, texture, weight, and flexibility).
  • K.P.2.2: Compare the observable physical properties of different kinds of materials (clay, wood, cloth, paper, etc.).
  • 1E.2.1: Summarize the physical properties of Earth materials, including rocks, minerals, soil and water that make them useful in different ways.
  • 1.E.2.2: Compare the properties of soil samples from different places, relating their capacity to retain water, nourish, and support the growth of certain plants.


  • Students will be able to identify the four different types of rocks.
  • Students will be able to test and determine the hardness of a rock.
  • Students will be able to experiment with the magnetism of a rock, in relation to other types of rocks.
  • Students will learn how to test what rocks retain water and why.
  • Students will learn how to test if a rock gives off a fluorescent light and why.

Methods and Activities:

Group Discussion, Interactive Centers, Hands-on Experimentation

Key Vocabulary:

Hardness, Absorption, Magnetism, Texture, Weight

Call To Book

910.997.5266 x 300
  • Grades K - 1
  • Duration: 50 minutes
  • $11 per student
  • Minimum 15 Students